Indian Bearing Industry: Indigenization to Curb Imports

What’s Buzzing in Indian Bearing Industry

The Indian Bearing Industry goes for a push for localization coupled with a high opportunity for reducing imports is expected to provide appreciable growth potential for the bearing players.


The Indian bearing industry is estimated at Rs 1,20,000 million, a non-descript 4% when compared to the global industry size of US$50 billion. The industry is divided into industrial & auto segment bearings, both of which lie in the range of 50-55% depending on macros. With respect to consumption, 60% is produced domestically while the rest of the requirement is met through imports. A large part of the industrial segment bearings is imported given economies of scale not being lucrative enough as the industrial segment bearings are heterogeneous in nature.

India’s ball bearing industry basically consists of two parts:

  • an organised sector, having over half of the total market share, and
  • an unorganised sector, with just 15 per cent of the market share.

The rest of the call is met by way of imports.

This industry derives demand from both the replacement market and OEMs (original equipment manufacturers). Around 60 per cent of sales come from the OEM side and 40 per cent from the replacement side.

Indian Bearing Industry
Every industry needs bearing

The organised sector presently dominates the OEM market, while the unorganised sector has a firm grip over the replacement market. The replacement market is highly price-sensitive, competitive and hence it maintains its existence. Some trade analysts, however, believe that the organised sector is also catching up.

Perspective View

Moving forward, the Indian government’s objective on Atmanirbhar Bharat, the renewed focus on infrastructure and allied activities led by an increase in capital expenditure, with budgeted growth of 30.8% YoY for FY21E BE (Rs 4.39 trillion) and 26.2% YoY to (Rs 5.54 trillion) is expected to significantly increase domestic manufacturing & aid the Indian bearings market. Further, companies such as SKF India which only manufactures 35% locally is aspiring to increase the number to 65-70% by 2024-25. Thus, significant Capex in India should ensure ample demand domestically and hence we expect economies of scale to set in and make manufacturing of industrial bearings in India more viable. We expect companies such as SKF India, Timken & Schaeffler to be the prime beneficiaries of the increasing thrust towards ‘Indigenization’.

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Specialty Steel PLI to Move India Up in the Steel Value Chain

What’s Buzzing :

The Indian government has recently approved Specialty Steel PLI (Production linked incentive) scheme for overall growth in infra space. The length of the scheme might be five years, from 2023-24 to 2027-28. With a budgetary outlay of ₹ 63,220 million, the scheme will bring in investment of nearly ₹4,00,000 million and result in capacity addition of 25 Million tonnes (MT) for speciality steel. Hopefully, this scheme will anchor India in moving up the steel value chain at par with advanced steelmaking countries.

Context :

In FY21, India produced 102 MT of steel. However, of this only 18 MT was value-added steel or specialty steel. Moreover, of the 6.7 MT of steel imports in FY’21, nearly 4 MT import was of speciality steel alone. As value-added steel grades are presently largely imported in India, a speciality steel PLI scheme has been introduced with an objective to enhance the production of high-grade speciality steel domestically.

Perspective view:

The Specialty steel PLI scheme will incentivize domestic steel manufacturers to invest in speciality steel. The scheme will include coated/plated steel products, high strength/wear-resistant steel, speciality rails, alloy steel products, steel wires and electrical steel. The focus of the scheme is towards increasing exports and minimize the dependence of imports for high-end steel. After completion of the scheme, India will start manufacturing products like API grade pipes, Head Hardened Rails, electrical steel (needed in transformers and electrical appliances) which are currently manufactured in very small amounts or not produced at all. It is anticipated that the speciality steel production in India will touch the 42 MT mark by the end of 2026-27. This implies that approximately ₹ 2.5 trillion worth of speciality steel will be produced and consumed in the country which would otherwise have been imported. Similarly, the export of speciality steel is also likely to become around 5.5 million tonnes as against 1.7 million tonnes at present. Overall the speciality steel PLI scheme is likely to catapult India into the league of advanced steel producers like Korea and Japan. An added advantage would be the lesser volatility in earnings and probably better valuation multiples.

Jindal Stainless Ltd.
Sector: Steel – Medium & Small

Following the news, Jindal Steel stock saw a phenomenal jump of over 18% intraday! That is August 24, 2021. Just 5 hours prior to the time of writing this post.

Specialty Steel PLI
Open 128.85
Previous Close 128.85
Intraday High 153.95
Intraday Low 128.85
UC Limit 154.60
LC Limit 103.10
52 Week High 168.40

The buzz among excited investors had been like:

  • Rs 200 is the minimum target expected for the month of August.
  • No matter how hard you try, you just cant stop this stock from growing. Good level to enter now, dont miss this opportunity
  • Buy, buy at CMP for an immediate short term target of Rs 155.
  • The share price will shoot like a rocket and hit the roof.

This sums up the excellent growth in metal and infra space.

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