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Focus on renewable energy for resolving energy related problems in Pakistan

LAHORE: Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf leader Ejaz Chaudhry has said Prime Minister Imran Khan is giving preference to renewable energy projects for resolving energy related problems in Pakistan.

He said due to the efforts of the chief justice of Pakistan and the prime minister funding issue would be resolved and Bhasha Dam would be constructed.

He was addressing a conference on energy crisis and its solutions organised by Punjab University College of Earth and Environmental Sciences (CEES) in collaboration with Pakistan Association for Advancement of Sciences (PAAS) at PU.

Punjab University Vice-Chancellor Prof Niaz Ahmad, University of Jhang Vice-Chancellor Prof Dr Shahid Munir, Rifah University-Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Arshad, CEES Principal

Prof Dr Sajid Rashid, PAAS General Secretary Dr Saleem Chaudhry, scientists and engineers, facultymembers and a large number of students participated in the conference. Prof Dr Sajid and Dr Saleem also spoke the event.




Together, We Can Rise to the Challenge of Climate Change – Even If the Trump Administration Won’t

Twelve years.

That’s how much time we have to limit the worst impacts of catastrophic climate change, according to the world’s top climate scientists at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC).

Also Read: India on Target

As world leaders meet this week at the U.N. climate summit, the stakes have never been higher. 2018 has seen devastating wildfires in California, unprecedented hurricanes in the southeast U.S. and Asia, record droughts in Cape Town, and fires in the Arctic. Climate change is happening here and now. To protect ourselves and the planet, we need bold action to move us toward 100 percent clean energy – and fast.

Delegates at the United Nations COP24 climate summit in Katowice, Poland, on Dec. 3, 2018.

Delegates at the United Nations COP24 climate summit in Katowice, Poland, on Dec. 3, 2018.

Sebastian Indra / MSZ (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Poland)

Rather than promoting U.S. clean energy leadership and innovation on the world stage, President Trump is taking desperate measures to deny reality and defend his fossil fuel cronies. His administration held a sideshow at the summit to promote fossil fuels and joined climate outlaws Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Russia to reject the IPCC report. While California was still burning, the administration went all out trying to bury a dire warning from their own experts on the risks climate change poses to our health, economy, and national security. Meanwhile, they are trying to prop up their friends in the fossil industry by bailing out uneconomic coal plants, expanding oil and gas drilling, and dismantling environmental protections.

The good news is that in the absence of common sense in Washington, communities, cities and states are stepping up to take the lead.

Earthjustice is working with partners around the world to stop dirty energy projects that threaten their health and fuel climate change. In Africa and Asia, we’re assisting groups that are challenging coal-fired power plants with legal arguments and technical analysis to help them succeed. In Australia, we’re helping indigenous peoples take their fight against a giant coal mine to the United Nations. And in Latin America, we’re partnering with groups that are challenging new fracking projects.

Solar panels in Los Angeles, which is standing by its commitment to the Paris Agreement.

Solar panels in Los Angeles, which is standing by its commitment to the Paris Agreement.

Wanganoi / Getty Images

We’re also working with a global alliance of cities that are taking bold steps to ramp up renewable energy to reduce climate pollution. These cities are standing by their commitments under the Paris Agreement, and Earthjustice is providing legal analysis to support policy and regulatory reforms to accelerate their transition to clean energy.

Earthjustice is also working to clear the way for clean energy in places like California, which made history this year as the largest economy in the world to commit to 100 percent clean energy. We’re using the power of the law to remove barriers to clean energy and level the playing field so the state can meet its ambitious targets. At the same time, we’re working to tackle carbon pollution from our transportation sector and bring electric vehicles to our cities.

Together, we can rise to the challenge of climate change — even if the Trump administration keeps its head buried in the sand. By saying no to dirty fossil fuels and removing barriers to clean energy, our partners are setting an example for the world to follow.




Businessman Vijay Mallya should be extradited from UK to India


Vijay Mallya has a break outside the court house as he waits for his extradition case to be heard at Westminster Magistrates Court, in London, Britain, December 10, 2018. REUTERS/Peter Nicholls

Businessman Vijay Mallya should be extradited from UK to India


10 Dec 2018 – 15:30

LONDON:  Indian tycoon Vijay Mallya should be extradited from Britain to India to face fraud charges resulting from the collapse of his defunct Kingfisher Airlines, a London court ruled on Monday.

India wants to bring criminal action against Mallya, 62, whose business interests have ranged from aviation to liquor, over $1.4 billion in loans Kingfisher took out from Indian banks which the authorities argue he had no intention of repaying.

Mallya, who co-owned the Formula One motor racing team Force India until it went into administration in July, has denied any wrongdoing and says the case against him is politically motivated. He declined to make any comment as he left the court room on Monday.

Judge Emma Arbuthnot, England’s chief magistrate, decided there was a prima facie case against Mallya, who moved to Britain in March 2016, and that his human rights would not be infringed if he were extradited. Her ruling must be approved by Britain’s interior minister.

Arbuthnot said false representations had been made to the banks, which include state-owned IBDI, regarding what the loans would be used for and she ruled there was evidence of conspiracy to defraud the lenders and of money laundering.

The judge said there had been a catalogue of failings by the banks themselves to carry out proper checks and to ensure guarantees were viable. But she said there was little evidence that senior IBDI officials themselves were involved in planning to defraud their own bank.

Arbuthnot said executives may have been in “the thrall of this glamorous, flashy, famous, bejewelled, bodyguarded, ostensibly billionaire playboy who charmed and cajoled” them into ignoring their own rules and regulations.

Arbuthnot said Mallya, nicknamed “the King of Good Times” after the slogan of one of his premium beers and his hard partying lifestyle, had used the loans, among other things, for “vanity projects” such as Force India which had received payments at a time when it was struggling in 2010.

“I have found that on the face of it, (Mallya) was doing everything he could by using honest or dishonest means to keep the company going,” she told Westminster Magistrates’ Court.

EXTRADITION

An extradition would be a huge win for Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi months before an election, after opposition parties said the government had given a “free passage” to Mallya to flee, an accusation it denies.

Modi has faced pressure from political opponents to bring to justice several people who have fled India in recent years to escape prosecution in an array of cases, many of them loan defaults.

Monday’s ruling is unlikely to be the end of the long-running case.

Mallya, who was arrested by British police in April 2017, can appeal Arbuthnot’s decision within 14 days to London’s High Court. The interior minister’s decision can also be appealed to the High Court and ultimately the Supreme Court.

The Indian government said Kingfisher took out a series of loans from Indian banks, in particular IDBI, with the aim of palming off huge losses which Mallya knew the failing airline was going to sustain.

It argued that Mallya had no intention of repaying money it borrowed from IDBI in 2009 and that the loans had been taken out under false pretences, on the basis of misleading securities and with the money spent differently to how the bank had been told.

Arbuthnot rejected his defence team’s argument that the case was motivated by political considerations or that he would not receive a fair trial in India.

She said the cell where he would be held was large and would be able to cater for his medical needs, dismissing claims extradition would infringe his human rights.

“A spell in custody is likely to help him cut down on alcohol,” she added.

Mark Summers, the lawyer acting for the Indian government, said they would seek 216,000 pounds ($274,924) in legal costs.




MIT team gains ground on molten silicon energy storage concept

energy storage systemA molten silicon energy storage system is being touted as another possible – and much cheaper – contender for grid-scale storage of renewable energy, in the ongoing research quest to move beyond lithium-ion batteries to support solar and wind dominated grids.

A team of engineers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology say they have come up with a conceptual design for a molten silicon-based system to store excess renewables, and deliver it back to the grid on demand, using large tanks of white-hot molten silicon and specially designed heat resistant pumps.

The tanks, which the researchers say could be designed to “power a small city” around the clock, would store heat generated by excess solar and wind power and then convert the light from the glowing metal back into electricity when needed.

The MIT team has estimated that such a system would be vastly more affordable than lithium-ion batteries, and even about half the cost of pumped hydro storage, which is currently considered to be the cheapest form of grid-scale energy storage.

“Even if we wanted to run the grid on renewables right now we couldn’t, because you’d need fossil-fueled turbines to make up for the fact that the renewable supply cannot be dispatched on demand,” says Asegun Henry, the Robert N. Noyce Career Development Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering.

“We’re developing a new technology that, if successful, would solve this most important and critical problem in energy and climate change, namely, the storage problem.”

The storage system is only at the design phase yet – a design that has been published in the journal Energy and Environmental Science – but stems from a project based on increasing the efficiency of concentrated solar power.

Most commonly, this sort of technology is used to focus sunlight onto a central tower, where the light is converted into heat that is stored in (usually) molten salt, and eventually turned into electricity. It’s the basis of SolarReserve’s Aurora solar tower power plant being built in Port Augusta South Australia.

“This technology has been around for a while, but the thinking has been that its cost will never get low enough to compete with natural gas,” Henry says.

“So there was a push to operate at much higher temperatures, so you could use a more efficient heat engine and get the cost down.”

To do this, the MIT team looked beyond salt, which at very high temperatures would corrode the stainless steel tanks that store it.

What they eventually settled on was silicon, which as well as being one of the most abundant elements on earth, can withstand incredibly high temperatures of over 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit.

It is the same line of thinking that led to the formation of Adelaide-based company 1414 Degrees, which in May of this year lodged a prospectus for an Initial Public Offering (IPO) with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), after one decade and $15 million-worth of developing its own version of silicon storage technology.

The MIT team’s recent momentum, however, is based on the development of a pump it says can withstand 4000°F temperatures, and could conceivably pump liquid silicon through a renewable storage system.

According to MIT News, the pump has the highest heat tolerance on record, and is the basis of the team’s newly published molten silicon energy storage system design.

The system, which they call TEGS-MPV, for Thermal Energy Grid Storage-Multi-Junction Photovoltaics, proposes converting electricity generated by any renewable source into thermal energy, via joule heating — a process by which an electric current passes through a heating element.

The system would work using heavily insulated, 10-meter-wide tanks made from graphite and filled with liquid silicon, kept at a “cold” temperature of almost 3,500 degrees Fahrenheit.This would be connected to. “hot tank” by a series of tubes exposed to heating elements, powered by excess renewable electricity.

Liquid silicon is pumped out of the cold tank, through the heated tubes, and into the hot tank, where the thermal energy is stored at a much higher temperature of about 4,300 F.

When electricity is needed, the hot “glowing white”  liquid silicon is pumped through another bunch of tubes that emit that light, the MIT article explains.

Then, specialised “multijunction photovoltaic” solar cells convert the light into electricity for use on the grid. Meanwhile, the now-cooled silicon is pumped back into the cold tank until the next round of storage — acting effectively as a large rechargeable battery.

“One of the affectionate names people have started calling our concept, is ‘sun in a box,’ which was coined by my colleague Shannon Yee at Georgia Tech,” Henry says.  “It’s basically an extremely intense light source that’s all contained in a box that traps the heat.”

It is also “geographically unlimited,” he says, and cheaper than pumped hydro, “which is very exciting,” Henry says. “In theory, this is the linchpin to enabling renewable energy to power the entire grid.”

Sophie is editor of OneStepOffTheGrid.com.au and deputy editor of its sister site, RenewEconomy.com.au. Sophie has been writing about clean energy for more than a decade.




Switch to clean energy and save $500 mln, aid agencies told

Aid agencies could save more than $500 million by choosing clean energy over fossil fuels in war zones and disaster areas, global think-tank Chatham House said in a report on Monday.

Humanitarian agencies spent about five per cent of their funds—or an estimated $1.2 billion—on diesel last year, and could save $517 million each year by using cleaner energy sources such as solar power, it said.

“Humanitarians are operating in tough environments where saving lives come first,” said co-author Owen Grafham from the Moving Energy Initiative (MEI), a partnership managed by London-based Chatham House.

“Energy is not given much thought—diesel is the go-to fuel because it’s what agencies are used to and it’s quick-to-deploy,” he said in a statement.

The burning of dirty fuels increasingly impacts poor people, particularly women and girls, who are in the midst of humanitarian crises.

Sven Harmeling, head, CARE International

Carbon-emitting fossil fuels can be used as a weapon, hijacked by militants or sold on the black market and sometimes have to be flown vast distances to reach off-grid relief camps.

That creates costs that humanitarian groups can ill afford, with wars, persecution and other violence having uprooted a record 68.5 million people last year, according to the UN refugee agency.

Aid agencies said curbing emissions was key to preventing climate-change related disasters.

Renewable energy is key to reducing climate-changing emissions under a global climate deal after governments in 2015 pledged to hold temperature rise to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial times, and ideally to 1.5 degrees C.

“The burning of dirty fuels increasingly impacts poor people, particularly women and girls, who are in the midst of humanitarian crises,” Sven Harmeling, head of CARE International’s climate advocacy arm, said in an email.

While the technology has not advanced far enough to make a full swap viable, some solar projects are already underway in the field and aid workers expect many more to follow.

Engineer Per-Erik Eriksson, from the Doctors Without Borders (MSF) Sweden Innovation Unit, said the group was making substantial effort to use renewable energy.

“However, it is not certain that such a transformation will save us money, given the current initial costs for renewable energy infrastructure. Our operations are emergency-oriented, and therefore implicitly short term,” he said.

“The investment for renewable energy solutions is always higher than for diesel generator solutions, and so the savings only come over a number of years,” Eriksson said from Haiti, where he is testing solar-powered air-conditioning.

Aid groups say operations also relied on diesel generators since many local workers or volunteers already knew how to use them, whereas solar energy would be costly and require specialised knowledge.

An October report by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said renewable energy would need to supply 70-85 per cent of electricity by 2050 to stay within a 1.5C limit, compared with about 25 per cent now.

More than 190 countries are meeting in Poland through December 14 to hammer out rules that will enable the Paris accord to be put into practice from 2020, and spur countries to strengthen their current climate action plans.

This story was published with permission from Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women’s and LGBT+ rights, human trafficking and slavery, property rights, social innovation, resilience and climate change. Visit http://news.trust.org to see more stories.

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Latin America Energy Week Begins in Uruguay

MONTEVIDEO Senior officials from the member-states of the Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE) gathered on Monday for Energy Week 2018.

OLADE executive secretary Alfonso Blanco told EFE that a general overview will be provided at both the conferences and the meetings regarding the region, adding that the situation of energy access in the area will have a very important role.

He emphasized that there is still much more to be done but that Latin America has evolved a good deal given that the number of people without access to electricity has declined from 40 million to 22 million in the last decade.

An energy specialist with the Inter-American Development Bank, Natacha Marzolf, pointed out during the opening session that 85 million people in the region do not have access to sustainable ways of cooking their food.

According to Marzolf, 19 countries in the region have developed renewable energy policies.

Nowadays, renewable energy can compete with fossil fuels. That has been made possible, in large part, by reducing the costs of energy such as wind and photovoltaic (power), she said.

Blanco said that Costa Rica, Paraguay and Uruguay are the three countries in Latin America that stand out in terms of incorporating renewable energy sources into their power grid.

Along those lines, Uruguayan Undersecretary of Industry, Energy and Mining Guillermo Moncecchi told the press that although his country is preparing very well, his ministry is never complacent.